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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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1.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Age Determination in Forensic Odontology
Divakar K Prathap
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:41] [Pages No:21-24] [No of Hits : 2860]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1170 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Age determination by means of assessment of the dentition is an application unique to forensic odontology. This process is especially relevant in those cases in which the rest of the skeletal remains are marred, as the tooth remains intact under adverse circumstances while the rest of the skeleton is obliterated. While the process remains complex, multiple methods have been devised to assess the dental age of an individual.

Keywords: Dental pulp, Incremental lines, Radiographs.

How to cite this article: Prathap DK. Age Determination in Forensic Odontology. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2017;7(1):21-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Implants for Auricular Prosthesis
K Ramkumar, C Sabarigirinathan, K Vinayagavel, C Gunasekar, M Dhanaraj
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:41] [Pages No:25-29] [No of Hits : 1018]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1171 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Implants are wonderful treatment option for auricular defects as it provides a retentive auricular prosthesis. Auricular defects can be rehabilitated by autogenous and prosthodontic methods. Implants provide retention of auricular prosthesis by bar and clip method and magnets. Implant used in craniofacial region differs from the one which is used in the oral cavity. The implants are shorter with flange on the top, which is a unique feature for implants used in craniofacial region. The major challenge in placing the implant is the proximity of various anatomical structures. The implants should be placed 20 mm distance to the center of the external auditory meatus in 8 and 11 o’clock positions for right side of the face and the 1 and 4 o’clock position for left side. Two implants with distance of 15 mm will be sufficient to satisfy the biomechanics. Proper planning and use of implants with retentive aids like magnet, bar, and clip will provide a satisfactory prosthesis.

Keywords: Auricular defects, Craniofacial implants, Ear prosthesis, Implant-supported auricular prosthesis.

How to cite this article: Ramkumar K, Sabarigirinathan C, Vinayagavel K, Gunasekar C, Dhanaraj M. Implants for Auricular Prosthesis. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2017;7(1):25-29.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Correlation between Intercanthal, Interpupillary, Interalar, and Intercommissural Distance with the Mesiodistal Width of the Maxillary Anteriors: An in vivo Study
Bhushan Bangar, Prashant L Nakade, Ajit Jankar, Suresh Kamble
[Year:2017] [Month:October-December] [Volume:7 ] [Number:4] [Pages:23] [Pages No:109-113] [No of Hits : 730]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1187 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study was conducted for the selection of artificial teeth for edentulous patients with the help of extraoral facial measurement.

Materials and methods: The intercanthal distance, interpupillary distance, interalar distance, intercommissural distance, and width of maxillary six anteriors from a total of 250 subjects were measured clinically. The measurements were made with the help of a digital caliper. Student’s t-test was used to find the significance of parameters between male and female. Pearson correlation has been used to find the relation of the parameters.

Results: The total mean of 125 male subjects for intercanthal distance, interpupillary distance, interalar distance, intercommissural distance, and intercanine width was 31.58, 62.27, 34.77, 48.87, and 50.22 mm respectively. However, the total mean of 125 female subjects for intercanthal distance, interpupillary distance, interalar distance, intercommissural distance, intercanine width was 30.58, 61.48, 34.58, 48.20, and 49.34 mm respectively. The paired t-test showed highly significant results in relation to intercanthal distance and width of maxillary six anteriors. However, interalar distance was found to be nonsignificant and interpupillary and intercommissural distance was significant.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that although various methods for the selection of teeth are used, the applicability can vary due to the ethnic differences between populations. The multiplication factor for intercanthal distance, interpupillary distance, interalar distance, intercommissural distance was 1.6, 0.8, 1.4, and 1 in order to obtain the mesiodistal width of maxillary six anteriors respectively, in males and females. The values were greater for men than for women. No significant differences were found between sexes with respect to intercanthal distance.

Clinical significance: Although there are ethnic differences between populations, the proportions/relationships of anatomical landmarks to the teeth remain the same, which helps in the selection of artificial teeth for edentulous patients.

Keywords: Interalar distance, Intercanthal distance, Intercommissural distance and width of maxillary six anteriors, Interpupillary distance.

How to cite this article: Bangar B, Nakade PL, Jankar A, Kamble S. Correlation between Intercanthal, Interpupillary, Interalar, and Intercommissural Distance with the Mesiodistal Width of the Maxillary Anteriors: An in vivo Study. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2017;7(4):109-113.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluation of the Correlation between the Vertical Dimension of Occlusion and the Length of the Ear, Nose, and Little Finger: An Anthropometric Study
Janhavi J Rege, Sulekha S Gosavi, Siddharth Y Gosavi, Shivsagar Tewary, Abhijeet Kore
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:41] [Pages No:1-7] [No of Hits : 620]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1167 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study was to find out the anthropometric correlation of vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) with the length of ear, nose, and little finger in dentate male and female subjects in Karad population, so as to use this correlation to determine VDO in edentulous patients.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, India, on 320 dentate subjects (160 males and 160 females) who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Anthropometric measurements of VDO, length of ear, length of nose, and length of little finger were recorded using a digital vernier caliper. Simple linear regression model was used to develop a prediction formula for VDO using length of ear, nose, and little finger as the independent variable. Correlation between VDO and length of ear, nose, and little finger was studied using Pearson’s correlation test.

Results: Statistical analysis in male and female subjects showed that VDO is significantly different with the length of nose, ear, and little finger. Pearson correlation test showed VDO in males has strong coefficient correlation with the length of the ear (r = 0.500), and strong coefficient correlation with the length of the nose (r = 0.335) in females.

Conclusion: The regression analysis was conducted to formulate the regression equation for determination of VDO in male and female subjects. The study revealed that the length of ear in males [VDO = 25.591 + 0.565 (length of ear)] and the length of nose in females [VDO = 36.933 + 0.353 (length of nose)] are strongly correlated with VDO.

Clinical significance: The regression formulae were formulated for male and female subjects in dentate patients which can be used to determine the VDO in edentulous patients.

Keywords: Anthropometry, Ear length, Little finger length, Nose length, Vertical dimension of occlusion.

How to cite this article: Rege JJ, Gosavi SS, Gosavi SY, Tewary S, Kore A. Evaluation of the Correlation between the Vertical Dimension of Occlusion and the Length of the Ear, Nose,and Little Finger: An Anthropometric Study. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2017;7(1):1-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  CASE REPORT
Clinical Considerations while increasing Occlusal Vertical Dimension
Ravindra S Pawar, Rahul S Kulkarni, Sandeep K Pimpale
[Year:2017] [Month:July-September] [Volume:7 ] [Number:3] [Pages:26] [Pages No:103-107] [No of Hits : 525]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1186 | FREE

ABSTRACT

A decrease in occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) may result from tooth structure loss and extraction of posterior teeth, and it affects the esthetics, function, comfort, and lower facial height (LFH). Rehabilitation of patients with worn dentitions may require increase in OVD and interarch distance to create space for restorative materials, improve esthetics, and develop physiologic occlusion. It is usually advisable to assess esthetics, function, LFH, and response of the stomatognathic system to increased OVD by means of removable or fixed provisional appliances before definitive treatment. The following case report presents the multitude of factors considered in planning amount of OVD increase keeping in view its impact on LFH and facial esthetics, during rehabilitation of a patient with severely attrided dentition.

Keywords: Occlusal rehabilitation, Occlusal vertical dimension, Permissive occlusal splints, Provisional restorations.

How to cite this article: Pawar RS, Kulkarni RS, Pimpale SK. Clinical Considerations while increasing Occlusal Vertical Dimension. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2017;7(3):103-107.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  CASE REPORT
Prosthetic Rehabilitation of Velopharyngeal Incompetence
Pratik Agarwal, Pankaj Dhawan, Pankaj Madhukar, Piyush Tandan
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:37] [Pages No:71-76] [No of Hits : 520]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1180 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Velopharyngeal (VP) dysfunction takes place when palatopharyngeal valve is unable to perform its own closing due to a lack of tissue or lack of proper movement. Insufficiency induces nasal regurgitation of liquids, hypernasal speech, nasal escape, disarticulations, and impaired speech intelligibility. Treatment options include surgical correction, prosthetic rehabilitation, and speech therapy, though optimal results often require a multidisciplinary approach. This case report describes a novel approach for rehabilitation of a patient with soft palate defect (VP incompetence).

Keywords: Cleft palate, Obturator, Palatal lift prosthesis, Palatopharyngeal, Velopharyngeal.

How to cite this article: Agarwal P, Dhawan P, Madhukar P, Tandan P. Prosthetic Rehabilitation of Velopharyngeal Incompetence. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2017;7(2):71-76.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  CASE REPORT
Rehabilitation of a Patient with Completely Edentulous Maxillary Arch using “All on 4” Concept of Implantation
K Harshakumar, Nimisha B Abraham, S Lylajam, V Prasanth
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:37] [Pages No:66-70] [No of Hits : 502]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1179 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Treatment options for insufficient ridge morphology includes the use of short implants, vertical ridge augmentation procedures, or cantilever prostheses in completely edentulous patients. Due to the less predictable long-term prognosis associated with the above-mentioned procedures, the “All on 4” technique was proposed for the rehabilitation in edentulous jaws. The All on 4 treatment concept meets the patient requirements with an immediately loaded fixed prosthesis supported by four implants. This article depicts a clinical report in which an “All on 4” implant treatment is done with delayed loading protocol due to inadequate primary stability obtained.

Keywords: All on 4, Delayed loaded implants, Nobel Biocare.

How to cite this article: Harshakumar K, Abraham NB, Lylajam S, Prasanth V. Rehabilitation of a Patient with Completely Edentulous Maxillary Arch using “All on 4” Concept of Implantation. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2017;7(2):66-70.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  REVIEW ARTICLE
An Appraisal on Occlusal Philosophies in Full-mouth Rehabilitation: A Literature Review
Ankita Parmar, Vivek Choukse, Umesh Palekar, Rajeev Srivastava
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:6 ] [Number:4] [Pages:26] [Pages No:89-92] [No of Hits : 2317]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1163 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Restoration of occlusion in patients with mutilated dentition is a challenging situation as every case is unique in itself. There is a great apprehension involved in reconstructing worn-out dentition due to widely divergent opinions regarding the choice of an appropriate occlusal scheme. A critical assessment and subsequent scientific validation of available literature on occlusal philosophies in full-mouth rehabilitation require an understanding of their evolution in the formative years and the subsequent development of effective models for clinical practice. This study overviews the various occlusal concepts/philosophies in fullmouth rehabilitation, which will help the clinician to select an appropriate occlusal scheme for an individual case.

Keywords: Centric occlusion, Centric relation, Functionally generated path, Occlusal vertical dimension, Pankey-Mann- Schuyler concept, Temporomandibular joint disorder.

How to cite this article: Parmar A, Choukse V, Palekar U, Srivastava R. An Appraisal on Occlusal Philosophies in Fullmouth Rehabilitation: A Literature Review. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2016;6(4):89-92.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Simplifying Direct Pattern Technique using Fiber Post
Reda M Dimashkieh, Mohiddin R Dimashkieh, Amir M Dimashkieh
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:45] [Pages No:25-27] [No of Hits : 1549]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1149 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Direct intraoral fabrication of cast post and core restorations for endodontically treated teeth can be challenging and time consuming. In addition, accurate intraoral fabrication of resin patterns with intracervicular margins is not always possible as a result of restricted access and difficult isolation.
This article presents a direct-indirect method that uses different diameters of prefabricated posts as fiber post and polyvinyl siloxane material as a mold for fabrication of multiple post patterns.

Keywords: Cast post, Direct-indirect pattern, Fiber post, Intraradicular restoration, Restoration of endodontically treated teeth.

How to cite this article: Dimashkieh RM, Dimashkieh MR, Dimashkieh AM. Simplifying Direct Pattern Technique using Fiber Post. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2016;6(2):25-27.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
A Chair-side Technique to verify the Parallelism of Fixed Partial Denture Abutments
Rafat I Farah
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:23] [Pages No:21-23] [No of Hits : 1038]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1148 | FREE

ABSTRACT

This report describes a chair-side technique to verify the parallelism of fixed partial denture abutments; this technique facilitates assessment of extraoral preparation and the detection of undercuts prior to making a definitive impression. This technique utilizes casts fabricated from polyvinyl siloxane impression material and a class II laser module attached to a dental surveyor.

Keywords: Abutments parallelism, Dental surveyor, Laser, Path of insertion.

How to cite this article: Farah RI. A Chair-side Technique to verify the Parallelism of Fixed Partial Denture Abutments. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2016;6(1):21-23.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: The author declares that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article.

 
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